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About Memberships

North Van Arts has over 500 members, including many who are active volunteers at our events, galleries, openings and community projects.
Join us! Become a member today and help us to build strong communities through the arts.

Individual Artists

Adele ᒪᐢᑿ ᐃᐢᑵᐤ Arseneau

Jewellery, printmaking and wood

A Nehiyaw Métis visual artist, Adele creates work to engage the audience to consider current social and environmental issues. Her intent is to educate from an indigenous perspective and counteract current stereotypes. She uses the mediums of wood carving, beadwork and...

Alice Bottrill

Acrylic, Watercolour, Pen/Ink

Alice Bottrill is currently an active member of FCA, member of NSAG, The North Vancouver Arts and the International Watercolor Society of Canada(IWS Canada). She is also the BC Representative for IWS Canada. Alice’s painting covers wide range of subject matters:...

Andrea McKenzie

Textile & Paper Eco-printing

Andrea draws inspiration for her artistic practice of eco-printing from nature’s botanical realm in all of its seasonal cycles. She considers the plants to be the artists and she the assistant enabling them to release and imprint their true moody colours onto paper...

Ann Eynon

Acrylic, Mixed Media

I recently returned from Vancouver’s west side and a life in financial planning to my cottage and my artistic roots. My work is done in acrylic and is generally landscape. Plein air is a favourite – so many paintings are done on location throughout the...

Anne Marie Buchanan

Basketmaker, Watercolour & Acrylic Painter

A multifaceted artist, Anne Marie was born and raised on the North Shore and has worked in photography, watercolour, oil painting and drawing most of her life. She evolved into folk arts, sewing, knitting, quilting, restoring old furniture and basketry. Basketry is...

Antoinette (Toni) Ludski

Acrylic

I acknowledge that I live on the traditional unceded Coast Salish territories of the xʷməθkʷəy̓əm (Musqueam), Sḵwx̱wú7mesh (Squamish), and səl̓ilwətaɁɬ (Tsleil-Waututh) people. I was born in Cape Town, South Africa where I grew up in a natural environment. I always...

Arlene MacAulay

acrylic & mixed media painter

I currently live in beautiful North Vancouver but have called many places home. I have always loved creating but didn’t start painting until 2010. I have no formal art training so I attended various classes and workshops and learned different techniques and styles....

Axel Breutigam

Fine Art Photography

Axel Breutigam is an international award-winning photographer; a German-born Canadian, located in Vancouver, BC. Among others Breutigam studied under Alan Ross, Ansel Adams’ former assistant, and the exclusive printer of Adams’ Yosemite Special Edition Negatives....

Barbara Crystal

Acrylic Painting and Pastel Sketches

An artist living in North Vancouver, I’m inspired by nature and walks in the forest. I seek out the greenery of trees, leaves, moss and the unexpected beauty of blooms that grow wild. I grew up in Edinburgh, Scotland where I studied in the Scottish Borders and...

Carol Demers

Mixed Media Artist & Ceramicist

My work in painting and ceramics reflects my reaction to the natural world.  I seem to be always seeking to unearth the experience of a place and the poetry of things I see in nature. When I really pay attention to the details I have noticed…the sound in silence,...

Catherine Fields

Acrylic, Mixed Media

Catherine Fields was born in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1983, she emigrated to Canada and often credits the country’s accepting atmosphere with giving her the confidence and freedom to explore her creativity. She now paints and lives in North Vancouver with her...

Connie O’Connor

Acrylic & Mixed Media Painting

BIOGRAPHY   Connie O’Connor grew up on a farm in Manitoba: expansive vistas of big blue skies, infinite horizons and colourful gardens influence her art and her vision. As a high school educator, Connie’s creativity shone throughout her career; her favourite...

Dana Huhn

Mixed Media | Painter | Functional Art

Dana is a mixed media artist working and living on the North Shore. She has a background in Art History, graphic design, architecture, and interior design. Her work ranges from vibrant and mood lifting abstract and semi-abstract painting to more serene and...

Dana Johnson

Visual Artist

Dana Johnson is a Vancouver-born artist. As long as she can remember she has been consumed by art. Earlier on she lived in London, England and this was when she got her first taste of European history, art and culture. She has travelled extensively and these...

Don Rutherford

Watercolour

Still, watercolour, 11″ x 9″, $200Near Foremost AB, watercolour, 14″ x 11″, $200Moods of Chesterman #1, watercolour, 14″ x 11″, $200Moods, of Chesterman #2, watercolour, 9″ x 11″, $150Spring on Nicola Lake, watercolour,...

Donna Giraud

Acrylic on Canvas

Self taught, abstract painter Donna Giraud’s large scale acrylic on canvas works are richly textured and rendered in thick expanses of pigment. Interested in capturing the “authentic” stories of human existence, her horizontal compositions fuse an abstract and...

Doris MacDougall

Drawing and Painting

I am a Canadian Artist living in North Vancouver, British Columbia. I studied Fine Arts as well as Clay and Fibre at Capilano College graduating in 1981. I am active in the Vancouver and North Vancouver Art Communities and participate in the East-side Culture Crawl in...

Edme Focant

Acrylic & Oil Painting

Born in Belgium, my family passed along a strong appreciation for the art and music at an early age. We were always grateful to be surrounded by beautiful architecture and galleries containing remarkable paintings which cultivated a strong appreciation for the arts...

Edward Peck

Digital Media

Edward Peck studied photography, fine arts, conceptual art, historical technics, film, and literature at the University of British Columbia. He then went on to work under a number of artists to develop his technical skills in photography, film, etching, watercolour,...

Effat Mirnia

Paintings

Born and raised in Iran, Effat was part of an art-loving family. From childhood, she expressed her feelings and thoughts through her art – painting, writing and poetry became a form of release for her. From the age of 15, she gave her time and efforts to several...

Elisabeth Sommerville

Stone Lithography

Elisabeth Sommerville was born in Calgary, Alberta and graduated from the Alberta College of Art in 1963. She moved to Vancouver, B.C. and established Sommergraphics, an award-winning graphic design studio. In 1998 she became interested in printmaking and studied at...

Fanny Ip

Chinese watercolour and ink on rice paper

Two most important techniques of Chinese painting are Gongbi (工筆) and Xieyi (寫意). Gongbi is a realistic technique using highly detailed brushstrokes that delimits details precisely and without independent or expressive variation. Xieyi is a freehand brushwork which...

Gail Coney

Glass, Pottery, Ceramics

Vibrant, colourful, unique, handpainted stoneware and glassware for the home or for that special gift. Gail has an attention to detail, developing designs inspired by her life and the places she’s lived, and applying a consistently high standard to each and...

Gelareh Raufi

Acrylic Painting

I paint intuitively with a loose intention in mind. Abstract painting for me is letting my intuition and feeling control my hand without a plan and at the end I wrap it all up in a considered composition. Each painting is a personal journey. The viewers’ opinion and...

Holly Truchan

Painting

I am an emerging mixed media abstract painter working with collage, acrylic and pastels on wood panels. I live and work in East Vancouver, gratefully working out of the Parker Street Studios. My work is whimsical and full of colour and texture, informed by my personal...

Ian Bateson

Mixed media and digital art

Experience: During the 1970’s and early 80’s Ian worked in the field of illustration and graphic design, building a solid reputation with the publishing industry as an illustrator of children’s books and a designer and illustrator for academic publications. Ian worked...

Jan Poynter

Painting

Growing up in North Van – the mountains were my back yard and the waterfront my go to hangout. Now living on the Sunshine Coast I get to enjoy all those things and still make trips to paint and explore the Sea to Sky corridor and the North Shore. My professional...

Jane Lowery

Mixed Media Artist

I am a graduate of Langara College and Emily Carr University of Art and Design/ Fine Arts Studio, Drawing and Printmaking. I tried to stop focusing on nature but I couldn’t.  I like what’s going on under the ground.  Life and Nature has its dark moments, its...

Janet Strayer

Paintings in Acrylic, Oil, Mixed-Media

My art celebrates life in its variety, focusing on the vital intersection of worlds within and around us, the impact of imagination and memory, and the imperfect beauty of being human in a changing reality. It is inspired by experience and imagination, by cultural...

Janice Beaudoin

Mixed Media

Janice is a contemporary mixed media artist living in North Vancouver. Her studio is located in Welch Street Studios – an artists’ collective located at the base of Pemberton Avenue. Discovery and risk-taking are an important part of her creative process....

Janna Kumi

Colour Pencil

Originally from the Netherlands, Janna Kumi is a Canadian artist living in Metro Vancouver creating intimate and detailed drawings of tree bark in colour pencil on paper and board. The consistency across the work is her emotional response to function, form, and...

Jean Prescott

Jewellery, Textiles/Fibre

Razzle Dazzle Designs Jean’s current jewelry includes earrings, necklaces and bracelets inspired by natural elements, bright metals plus antique and new beads. Textiles include table runners, hangings and amulets in a full colour range. Bracelet by Jean...

Jeanette Schisler Coldwell Creations

Jeanette Schisler, the woodworker behind Coldwell Creations, supports the circular economy by creating handcrafted woodworking from reclaimed and repurposed materials. Each piece and collection tells a story from its past life. Each quirk, ding, dent, or hint of...

Jennifer Lamb

Photographer

“My photographic approach to and reaction to the natural and built environments are summed up in three phrases: · fuelled by curiosity · delighted by discovery · inspired by beauty Colour, line, texture and light attract my eye.  I invite you to share the...

Jia Duan

Scholar artist:Professor & Filmmaker (Animation and Documentary Director), Painter & Writer & Curator

As a filmmaker, Jia mainly produce animation and documentary. As a female artist, each of her works is self-written self-directed and art director, some works are music arranger and independent produce herself. Whether her films are animated films or documentaries,...

Jilly Watson

Acrylics

Jilly Watson paints happy colourful acrylic paintings. Artist statement: “You will very often see paths or trails in my work which are symbolic of the choices we make in life. My present path as an artist has brought me great joy. I have a passion for bright...

Julie Fox

Illustrator

Julie Fox is best known for private commissions or donated illustrations for a variety of fundraising events on the North Shore. Her work shares meaning through whimsical designs, fine detail and brilliant colour captivating audiences of all ages. As her family grows...

Karyn Orry

Acrylic

Karyn is British Canadian, born in Yorkshire then moved to North Vancouver and now living in Kelowna, BC. She studied art and textile design at college in the U.K, then took a break from painting to focus on a busy graphic design, print and packaging career. Since...

Kathy Daley

Oil Painting

Kathy uses bright, dynamic colours and thick impasto oil paint on black gesso surface to explore her connection to the world outside. She has been in group and solo exhibits at art galleries in BC, Alberta and Manitoba since 1995, bringing urban scenes to life...

Katie Rodgers

Painting

Katie Rodgers developed her artistic practice building upon experiences images and insights during earlier travels in South East Asia.  The paintings consist of drawings and photographs presented in abstract form to suggest atmosphere and emotions associated with...

Lee Caufield

Mixed Media

Using a wide variety of materials and with an emphasis on richly textured surfaces, Lower Mainland artist Lee Caufield sometimes refers to her work as ‘ abstracted Impressionism’. Her subject matter is usually gardens, birds, and animals but with an emphasis on the...

Lori Bagnérès

Mixed Media

Lori’s mixed media artwork derives its depth from the interconnectedness of spaces that humans share with the environment. Images of serene landscapes meld with an edgy, cultural world. Lori exposes the dichotomy between urban, graffitied surfaces and her natural...

Lori Popadiuk

Painter

I am an emotive abstract painter. I paint what isn’t there, what you can’t quite see, but you can feel. I paint what is forthcoming from my emotions, I paint spontaneously and from my heart. I hope you enjoy my work.   Wide Open Macro 2, Mixed mediums...

Lorn Curry

Oil Painting

Lorn Curry is an artist based in North Vancouver, British Columbia. He acquired his painting skills with master mentors and through self-directed studies. Inspired by the European hyperrealist and photorealist masters, he also cites fellow Canadian east coast artist...

Lyza Del Mar

Lyza is a landscape painter with a contemporary twist. Growing up in Deep Cove, North Vancouver, has been the most powerful influence in her ever evolving landscape paintings, together with Lyza’s passion for open ocean swimming. Lyza celebrates where she...

Mahin Sharilli

Acrylic on Canvas

Mahin Sharilli is a fine art painter based in Vancouver who was born in Tehran, Iran. Mahin’s passion for art began early on in her life, and she pursued her dreams by obtaining a B.A in Stage Design from University of Art (Iran) and teaching the Basics of...

Mariana Sola

Acrylic, Mixed Media, Pottery/Ceramics

I was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina. I work predominantly in the medium of painting with acrylics but I also work with clay in my sculptures. ​After completing my B.F.A at the University of National Arts in Buenos Aires Argentina in 1998 I had many solo and group...

Marika Morissette

Acrylic Pour Paintings

Marika is a visual artist specializing in acrylic pour paintings. She is passionate about creating original, beautiful artwork. Her creations are unique and intriguing, going deep into the space of creativity and hopefulness. Marika finds pour painting to be...

Meghan Sharir

Oil, Watercolour

Based in West Vancouver, Meghan is an award-winning and Signature Member (AFCA) of the Federation of Canadian Artists who exhibits frequently in juried group and community shows and private venues and undertakes regular commissions. Meghan is primarily a portrait...

Michael Brouillet

My art features scenes of urban locations painted in watercolour mounted on cradled wooden panels. In my latest series I focus on places where people gather within the city. Searching out older buildings for their interesting design details I also look for unique...

Monica Gewurz

Acrylic & Mixed-Media

I am a mixed media artist based in Vancouver, British Columbia. My art is rooted in my life on the west coast of British Columbia but also draws on my travelling experiences. Drawing on my background in science, I create evocative and purposely imperfect paintings...

Mylene Comsia

Acrylic & Mixed Media

Mylene Comsia is a self-taught acrylic and mixed media artist, born in France and living in North Vancouver since 1994. She graduated Fashion & Design from Blanche McDonald in 1996 and after raising her 5 children, discovered her passion for abstract painting by...

Natasha Dash

Ink, Mix Media, Certified Zentangle Teacher

Natasha Dash is a Certified Zentangle Teacher. She began her Zentangle journey in 2016 and has enjoyed many benefits of “tangling”. Natasha uses tangling as a healthy and creative way to deal with stress and access a state of relaxed focus. She is always amazed by the...

Nicola Morgan

Painter, Illustrator, Instructor

The process of art making is as personal as it is mysterious. It is an action of surrender through paint, to a world where time is suspended and layers of newly found realities are discovered. I strive for balance in my paintings which presents a the challenge of...

Nilufar Moayeri

Painter, Art Instructor

Nilufar Moayeri is a painter and art instructor with more than 20 years of practice. Nilufar was born in Tehran but spent her life in Turkey, where she eventually became one of that country’s most prominent artists and art educators. She started studying art at a very...

Parisa Hosseinzadeh

Painter

Hello, I’m Parisa Hosseinzadeh, a painter with a diverse artistic background spanning over two decades. My journey in art has led me to explore various mediums, including watercolor, acrylic, oil painting, calligraphy, and decorative arts like wood painting and...

Phyllis Schwartz

Photography

Phyllis Schwartz is a multi-disciplinary artist and curator who works in photography, ceramics and publishing. She is an Emily Carr University of Art + Design graduate with a concentration in photography and the recipient of the Canon Photography Award. Her...

Poesis Ilies

Visual Artist

I am a Vancouver based visual artist working from my studio in the West End. I studied drawing and painting at Emily Carr University and urban design at Simon Fraser University. My art is a reflection of my continuous exploration of new techniques in a variety of...

Reyhaneh Bakhtiari

oil painter

Reyhaneh Bakhtiari is an internationally acclaimed oil painting artist.  She was born in Tehran, Iran and showed artistic talent at a young age.  She went to England when she was 19, where she attended Swindon College, University of London, and continued her studies. ...

Rhonda LeGrove Garton

Oil Painting

There is no shortage of inspiration in the west coast landscape. A native of Montreal, Quebec, with an earlier career in illustration and design, I have lived and painted in my home studio, adjacent to the Capilano River Canyon in North Vancouver for 30 years. In...

Rick Cuff

Acrylic and Oil Painter

After studying painting at the Swedish State School of Art, I moved to London and attended The London College of Communications, graduating with a graphic design degree. I then taught at LCC and Chelsea School of Art in England, while at the same time practicing as a...

Rick Herdman

Printmaker and Sculptor

Rick Herdman lives and works in Burnaby, British Columbia.  Rick studied at Capilano College, Emily Carr College of Art and Design, and University of British Columbia.  In the process received a Diploma in Studio Art, Bachelors of Fine Arts, and a Bachelors...

Riitta Peirone

Painter: oils and acrylics

I studied Interpretative Illustration at Sheridan College in Oakville, Ontario and took courses in drawing and painting at the Ontario College of Art. I worked in Toronto as a graphic artist, mainly in educational publishing.  In 1986, I moved to...

Robert Zylstra

Pen and Ink, Mixed Media, Acrylic Painter

I took my formal training at Langara College Fine Arts Program but I have been an artist all of my life. My early works were painting in acrylic and pen & ink drawing, Later I spent a few years creating designs and sandblasting them into glass for customers of my...

Sande Waters

acrylic, acrylic ink, oil, photography

bio I received my BFA from Emily Carr University of Art + Design and my MFA from the San Francisco Art Institute, California. As a way to engage with my art community, I am volunteering as Assistant Curator at Lions Gate Hospital Foundation Healing Art Donation...

Sandrine Pelissier

Acrylic, Mixed Media, Watercolour

Artist Bio Originally from France, the visual artist Sandrine Pelissier has been living in North Vancouver, Canada for the past 18 years. She is very inspired by her Pacific west coast surroundings and paints the BC landscape, figures and still life, mixing elements...

Sara Montgomery Designs & Studios

Silversmith, Metalworking

Sara Montgomery is an artist working on the North Shore who specializes in silversmithing and fine metalwoking. Sara Montgomery Studios is an inclusive studio with 3 desks that offer teaching rates, rental desks (with or without tools) lessons for metalsmiths, makers...

Shae Salmon

Acrylic, Mixed Media, Photography

Contemporary semi-abstract mixed media artist who incorporates her photography into her work. Through textural layers and translucent colour, Shae builds on her images creating an abstract world in hopes of captivating the viewer’s imagination....

Shakun Jhangiani

An intuitively creative contemporary artist, Shakun’s signature style and distinctive use of mixed media is well known and easily recognizable in all of her abstract paintings. The versatility of using acrylics as a painting medium opened the...

Sharka Leigh

Acrylic

Sharka Leigh is an acrylic painter from North Vancouver. She paints varied subject matter, though she most often focuses on her favourite animal, cows. Her work is recognizable by its combination of composition, unusual subject matter and detailed style. Sharka paints...

Sharon Quirke

Acrylic, Pottery/Ceramics

Canadian artist, Sharon Quirke, explores her vast country by layering colour and emotion on canvases brushed with fresh air. Her acrylics are bold and dynamic. “The rush of beauty that infuses each captured moment sustains & directs us.” In bold and dramatic...

Shelley Wales

Watercolour

Growing up on Canada’s west coast, Shelley has had a life-long love affair with the mountains and ocean. This has led her to explore and paint some of the more remote corners of western Canada’s stunning wilderness. Finding the landscape’s moods and the stories they...

Sheree Jones

Oil

“My creative journey has taken me down many paths. I am a keen outdoor ‘plein air’ painter, preferring to capture my subjects directly from life. I carry my painting gear wherever I travel, from Costa Rica to Spain, Sicily and Italy. From California to Wyoming and...

Sherry LaFayette

Acrylic paint, soft pastel, mixed media

Sherry LaFayette is a Canadian artist who finds inspiration in her natural surroundings and that view! Sherry interprets the subtle changes with time of movement, energy and colour of a selection of personal visual experiences and memories. With her family’s recent...

Shirley McKell

Acrylic, Oil

Art has always been a part of Shirley’s life, but her career took her into Horticulture and Arboriculture where artistic whims were not on canvas! She’s always looked at light, texture and colour in her gardens. In semi-retirement in 2014, Shirley began to...

Sonia Mocnik

Watercolour Painting

Sonia Mocnik is inspired by her surroundings; from cityscapes to the great outdoors. Vancouver born, she has always enjoyed creating some type of art. She paints with the colours that move her from an urban scene to nature’s blooms. The energy of each captured moment...

Stephen Corcoran

Chalk Pastel Artist

Born and raised in Vancouver, Stephen trained at the Vancouver Art School (Emily Carr) in the 70s. Woodworking and welding skills transfer into the pastels giving them grain and structure. At his exhibit, ‘Dancing on the Interface’ at Basic Inquiry Gallery and Studio...

Steve Rayner

Acrylic

Steve was born and raised in England and trained to be an architect at Cambridge University. His interest in the profession grew from watching his architect father at work and he also inherited from him and other Rayner forebears, some of whom were noted Victorian...

Stuart Browning

Glass

Stuart was born in Vancouver, living much of his life on the West Coast. Recently returning to the North Shore from Richmond he is inspired by our massive West Coast forests, streams, rivers and water scenes. An ongoing interest in both Asian and North West Coast...

Sue Damen

Mixed Media, Acrylic and Collograph

Sue Damen is an artist, illustrator and educator. She was born at Grace Hospital in Vancouver but grew up in the small farming community of Yarrow, BC. Later, she came back to Vancouver attending the University of British Columbia, where she graduated with a BFA...

Sue Daniel

Oil

Sue Daniel was born in Hungary in 1948 and came to Canada during the Hungarian Revolution in 1956. She now makes her home in West Vancouver with her husband of 30 years. Since the 1980s, Sue has been under the influence of abstract impressionism, believing the axiom...

Susanne Kestner-Aiello

Oil Painting

Travels have taken Susanne from Europe to South America, to USA and last to Canada where she has lived since 1979. Initially an art student at Atelier Josse in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Susanne continued her formal education in the USA and in Canada. She attended...

Suzanne Thomson

Acrylic Painting

Born and raised in Vancouver, Suzanne’s vivid imagination and artistic eye has made its’ mark in many ways. After years of event planning, her own flower design business and adding sparkles to figure skating dresses, her talents are now focused on the...

Tary Majidi

Acrylic, Mixed Media, Pottery/Ceramics

Tary was born in Tehran, Iran and left home at the age of 19. She started sketching in her youth and later developed her style and media when pursuing Masters of Art in India at the New Delhi Art College in 1991. Upon attaining her degree, she continued learning...

Tatjana Mirkov-Popovicki

Acrylic Painting

Tatjana Mirkov-Popovicki is an award-winning Canadian landscape painter based in Port Moody, British Columbia. She emigrated from Serbia in 1994 after graduating with a Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering and pursued a Hi-Tech career while studying and...

Theresa Wimbles

About my Art  My creative experience is a subconscious view of the natural, as sensual rhythm meets realism and organic abstract meets shape, color and line.  I create from childhood memories and photos of days spent outdoors exploring west coast...

Therese L Joseph

Acrylic Mixed Media

Therese aims is to capture an honest thought, a genuine mood or a daring dream and paint the world – one story at the time. She is passionate about drawing and painting figures and thoroughly enjoys seeing how personality and temperament come into being from an empty...

Thom Harvey Kline

Photomontage, film and sculpture

“I entered the Vancouver School of Art in 1969 to pursue my continuing photography work.  Here I was introduced to sculpture and found the world of 3D.  BCIT led to a career in the building environment and working with major architectural firms in...

Thompson Brennan

Paint, mixed media, drawing, sculpture, conceptual design

My new work is titled “Solastalgia Story”. Solastalgia was coined to describe a feeling of displacement from one’s own home environment. The word referred to those who have experienced a radical change in the eco-environment: loss of glaciers, for...

Tim Bennison

Watercolour Painting

Tim was born in England in 1963 and moved to Canada in 1970. Growing up in Ottawa, he began painting with watercolours in high school. Tim has painted in this medium ever since. He is continually improving and evolving his technique, taking courses at Emily Carr and...

Una Polenova

Acrylic, mixed media, watercolour

Born in Richmond, I enjoyed expressing a talent for painting and dance in my early childhood days. My love for the arts inspired a career in Graphic Design and Visual Arts in the mid 1980’s. Today my paintings record a history of the land, and sea to sky of beautiful...

Warren Oneschuk

Acrylic

Working in acrylics, Warren Oneschuk (AFCA) is a realism artist/painter in North Vancouver, BC. His subject matter lies in historical interests – mainly abandoned/rusted vehicles and derelict buildings. He works in a multi-layered, glazing and dry brush technique to...

Яachel Lee

Mixed Media + Photography + Performance Art + Textiles/Fibre

Яachel Lee’s art sheds light on the experience of navigating through familial bonds, love, loss – life as a neurodiverse Chinese Canadian Catholic woman in a post-truth era. Through reflection and acceptance of her conflicting views, Lee investigates the shared...